SDO solar image - 131 angstroms - Courtesy of NASA/SDO and the AIA, EVE, and HMI science teams.
satellite
radio propagation
Today's Space Weather
Friday 29 August
last updated 29/0051 UT
The solar UV flux and solar X-ray flare activity are presently declining as major sunspots decay or rotate toward the western limb. The 3-day outlook is for weak C class flares, but an isolated M class event may occur. Geomagnetic conditions are currently Quiet but Unsettled with possible isolated Active conditions may accompany the influence of a coronal hole high speed stream later today, 29 Aug into 30 Aug. Conditions for HF radio communication were slightly depressed throughout the Australian region on 28 Aug and may soften should geomagnetic activity eventuate.
What is Space Weather ?

Space weather refers to changes in the space environment, particularly the region between the Earth and Sun. The "solar wind" from the Sun stream past the Earth and is mostly deflected by the Earth's magnetic field, but variations in the solar wind cause changes in the Earth's magnetic field.

solar prominence

Occasionally, a huge release of magnetic energy, called a solar flare, occurs on the Sun. Flares can produce large quantities of x-rays which affect the Earth's atmosphere. They can also accelerate atomic particles (mostly protons) to very high speeds (a substantial fraction of the speed of light!). These high energy particles are dangerous to man and can reach the stratosphere where jetliners fly.

Most aspects of space weather affect us to some extent. The more our society becomes dependent on technology and the more we utilise space, the more we are affected by space weather. Some aspects of space weather are benevolent, and allow activities not otherwise possible such as long range radio communications. Some aspects are benign but fascinating such as the Aurora, and some are malevolent. Like terrestrial weather, it sometimes depends on the situation and the event.

The image below is an artists impression of the solar wind interacting with the Earth's magnetic field.

Solar wind
Aurora Australis as seen from the International Space Station, with the port wing of space shuttle Atlantis, and segment of a boom sensor system attached to the shuttle's robotic arm.
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